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Identity Theft Protection
Every day, you may write a check at the grocery store, charge tickets to a ball game, rent a car online, respond to email or apply for a credit card. Chances are you don't give these transactions a second thought. But someone else may.
Identity theft is one of the fastest growing crimes in the country. These are thieves whose stock in trade is your everyday transactions, which is based on your personal information - your bank account, income, social security number, name, address, phone numbers and date of birth. Identity thieves take this information, without your knowledge, to commit fraud or theft. According to a 2014 Federal Trade Commission Report, for the 15th year in a row, identity theft ranked number one in the consumer complaint category. Of more than two and half million consumer complaints filed in the United States in 2014, 13 percent were identity theft complaints. Florida, Washington and Oregon are the top three states for identity theft complaints.
And although you can't completely prevent identity theft from occurring, you can minimize your risk by managing your personal information, wisely. The County is working in conjunction with the public and private sectors to provide you with the knowledge to deal with this very serious economic crime.
Tax Identity Theft
Ready for tax season? If you haven’t heard about tax identity theft, you may not be. Nearly 39 percent of the identity theft complaints are related to tax or wage fraud. In fact, Tax identity theft has been the most common form of identity theft reported to the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) for the past five years. Tax identity theft happens when someone files a fraudulent tax return using your personal information — like your Social Security number — to get a tax refund from the IRS. It also can happen when someone uses your Social Security number to get a job or claims your child as a dependent on a tax return.
Tax identity thieves can get your personal information in a number of ways. For example:
- Someone goes through your trash or steals mail from your home or car
- Imposters send phony emails that look like they’re from the IRS and ask for personal information
- Employees at hospitals, nursing homes, banks, and other businesses steal your information
- Dishonest tax preparers misuse their clients’ information or pass it along to identity thieves
What can you do to lessen the chance of becoming a victim?
- File your tax return early in the tax season, if you can, before identity thieves do
- Use a secure internet connection if you file electronically. Don’t use unsecure, publicly available Wi-Fi hotspots at places like coffee shops or a hotel lobby
- Mail your tax return directly from the post office
- Shred copies of your tax return, drafts, or calculation sheets you no longer need
- Respond to all mail from the IRS as soon as possible
- Know the IRS won’t contact you by email, text, or social media. If the IRS needs information, it will first contact you by mail.
- Don’t give out your Social Security number (SSN) or Medicare number unless necessary. Ask why it’s needed, how it’s going to be used, and how it will be stored.
- Get recommendations and research a tax preparer thoroughly before you hand over personal information
- If your SSN has been compromised, contact the IRS ID Theft Protection Specialized Unit at 800-908-4490
- Check your credit report at least once a year for free at www.annualcreditreport.com to make sure no other accounts have been opened in your name
What if you are a victim?
Tax identity theft victims typically find out about the crime when they get a letter from the IRS saying that more than one tax return was filed in their name, or IRS records show they received wages from an employer they don’t know. If you get a letter like this, don’t panic. Contact the IRS Identity Protection Specialized Unit at 800-908-4490. Visit IdentityTheft.gov, the federal government’s one-stop resource to help you report and recover from identity theft. You can report identity theft, get step-by-step advice, sample letters, and your FTC Identity Theft Affidavit. These resources will help you fix problems caused by the theft.
Unfortunately, tax identity theft isn’t the only way scammers are targeting taxpayers. The FTC has gotten thousands of complaints about IRS imposters who claim people owe unpaid taxes and will be arrested if they don’t pay up. They may know all or part of your Social Security number, and rig caller ID to make it look like it’s really the IRS calling. Before you can investigate, you’re told to put the money on a prepaid debit card and tell them the number — something no government agency would ask you to do.
If you owe — or think you owe — federal taxes, call the IRS at 800-829-1040 or go to irs.gov. IRS workers can help you with your payment questions. The IRS doesn’t ask people to pay with prepaid debit cards or wire transfers, and doesn’t ask for credit card numbers over the phone. When the IRS contacts people about unpaid taxes, they usually do it by postal mail, not by phone. Report IRS imposter scams to the Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration (TIGTA) online or at 800-366-4484, and to the FTC at http://ftc.gov/complaint.
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