How Does Redistricting Affect You?
What is Reapportionment?
As defined by the Florida Senate, reapportionment happens every ten years after the decennial census. Based on new population figures, 435 seats in the United States House of Representatives are redistributed among the 50 states. Each state is guaranteed at least one seat by the U.S. Constitution. On December 21, 2010, the Director of Census announced that Florida is entitled to 27 representatives in the U.S. House, an increase of two, effective with the general election in 2012.
Similarly, based on the 2010 Census and public testimony, reapportionment is conducted at the state, county and some municipal levels in accordance with the process in Fla. Const. art. III, §§ 7 & 16, the standards in Fla. Const. art. III, §§ 20 & 21, and other federal and state laws.
What is Redistricting?
As defined by the Florida Senate, Redistricting is the redrawing of district boundaries to adjust for various growth rates in different parts of the state. Districts determine which voters participate in which elections for choosing representatives at various levels of government.
How Could Redistricting Affect You?
Once reapportionment and redistricting are complete, precinct lines may be affected. As a result, you may:
- Become an elector in new district(s) with new elected official(s).
- Be assigned to a new precinct
- Vote at a new polling location
The Miami-Dade Elections Department will issue new voter information cards to all voters impacted by the redistricting process prior to the August 14, 2012 Primary Election. In addition, as important milestones are reached, this page will be updated to contain the latest information, so voters know what to expect.
To view your most current precinct information, please view the Precinct Finder Tool.
Below are some helpful links that contain the most current information regarding the progress of redistricting at the various levels of government:
Changes at the Local Level
- Miami-Dade County Commission Districts have changed.
The Miami-Dade Board of County Commissioners adopted their plan on December 19, 2011. Information regarding County Commission Districts including a map of new district boundaries can be found at http://www.miamidade.gov/redistricting/
- Miami-Dade School Board Districts have changed.
The Miami-Dade School Board redrew the nine residence area boundaries to reflect population changes that have occurred since the 2000 Census. The new boundaries were approved at the November 22, 2011 School Board meeting. More information including a map of the new districts can be found at http://redistricting.dadeschools.net/
Changes at the Federal/State level
- The Florida House Districts have changed.
The Florida House of Representatives Redistricting Website provides valuable information about redistricting in the Florida House of Representatives.
- Senate Redistricting Continues.
Following a ruling from the Florida Supreme Court issued on Friday, March 9, the Florida legislature will reconvene in a special session beginning Wednesday, March 14 to adjust the Senate redistricting plan passed by legislature earlier this year. The one proposed Senate district for Miami-Dade County was among 8 districts cited by the court as invalid and thus will be adjusted. The House redistricting plan was cleared by the court. For more information, go to the Florida Senate website.
- The Florida Senate District Explorer Help Manual contains instructions for exploring the details of district boundaries and Census demographics with interactive maps.
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