Miami-Dade Legislative Item
File Number: 120978
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File Number: 120978 File Type: Resolution Status: Adopted
Version: 0 Reference: R-492-12 Control: Board of County Commissioners
File Name: STRENGTHEN LAWS PREVENTING COUNTERFEIT IDENTITY RE SEX TRAFF Introduced: 5/15/2012
Requester: NONE Cost: Final Action: 6/5/2012
Agenda Date: 6/5/2012 Agenda Item Number: 11A21
Notes: Title: RESOLUTION URGING THE FLORIDA LEGISLATURE TO CONDUCT AN INTERIM STUDY ON HOW LAWS CAN BE STRENGTHENED RELATED TO FALSE, STOLEN AND COUNTERFEIT IDENTITY DOCUMENTS IN AN EFFORT TO COMBAT HUMAN AND SEX TRAFFICKING
Indexes: LEGISLATURE
Sponsors: Jose "Pepe" Diaz, Prime Sponsor
  Esteban L. Bovo, Jr., Co-Sponsor
  Barbara J. Jordan, Co-Sponsor
  Dennis C. Moss, Co-Sponsor
Sunset Provision: No Effective Date: Expiration Date:
Registered Lobbyist: None Listed


Legislative History

Acting Body Date Agenda Item Action Sent To Due Date Returned Pass/Fail

Board of County Commissioners 6/5/2012 11A21 Adopted P

County Attorney 5/15/2012 Assigned Jess M. McCarty

Legislative Text


TITLE
RESOLUTION URGING THE FLORIDA LEGISLATURE TO CONDUCT AN INTERIM STUDY ON HOW LAWS CAN BE STRENGTHENED RELATED TO FALSE, STOLEN AND COUNTERFEIT IDENTITY DOCUMENTS IN AN EFFORT TO COMBAT HUMAN AND SEX TRAFFICKING

BODY

WHEREAS, human trafficking is a form of modern-day slavery, in which men, women and children are bought and sold; and
WHEREAS, victims of human trafficking are young children, teenagers, women and men who are subjected to force, fraud or coercion for the purpose of sexual exploitation or forced labor; and
WHEREAS, the U.S. Department of State estimates that between 600,000 and 800,000 people, mostly women and children, are trafficked across national borders annually, with the number of persons trafficked into the U.S. each year estimated to range from 14,500 to 17,500; and
WHEREAS, according to the U.S. Department of Justice, an estimated 200,000 American children are at risk for trafficking into the sex industry each year; and
WHEREAS, human trafficking is the fastest growing criminal industry in the world and, after drug dealing, is tied with arms-dealing as the second largest criminal industry; and
WHEREAS, the movement or transportation of a person across borders is not a necessary component of human trafficking, as human trafficking can happen domestically within one countryís borders, or internationally across an international border; and
WHEREAS, many victims of human trafficking are forced to work in prostitution or the sex entertainment industry, but human trafficking also occurs in the form of labor exploitation, such as domestic servitude, restaurant work, janitorial work, sweatshop factory work and migrant agricultural work; and
WHEREAS, Florida is ranked as one of the top three states in the nation for human trafficking cases, along with New York and Texas, according to the Center for the Advancement of Human Rights at Florida State University; and
WHEREAS, during the 2012 session, the Florida Legislature passed HB 7049, now know as Chapter 2012-97, Laws of Florida, which increased the penalties for human and sex trafficking from a maximum of 15 years in prison to 30 years, and also authorized the statewide prosecutor to investigate and prosecute human trafficking cases; and
WHEREAS, false, stolen and counterfeit identity documents are almost always part of a human or sex trafficking operation; and
WHEREAS, traffickers hide the identities of trafficking victims, many of whom are minors, by obtaining false, stolen or counterfeit identity documents for the victims; and
WHEREAS, false, stolen and counterfeit identity documents can include birth certificates, social security cards and passports; and
WHEREAS, the trafficking victims often are forced to use these false, stolen and counterfeit identity documents to obtain valid driversí licenses and other legitimate forms of identification that then perpetuate the false identification of trafficking victims; and
WHEREAS, current Florida law prohibits the use of another personís identity, the submission of counterfeit identity documents and all other activities intended to obtain a driverís license by a person who is not eligible for issuance of such a document, sections 322.212, 322.27, 322.32 and 322.33, Florida Statutes; and
WHEREAS, it is generally a third-degree felony to use false identity documents to acquire a Florida drivers license; and
WHEREAS, given the pervasive use of false, stolen and counterfeit identity documents in conjunction with victims of human and sex trafficking, the Florida Legislature should study how laws can be strengthened related to such documents with an eye toward possible legislation,
NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED BY THE BOARD OF COUNTY COMMISSIONERS OF MIAMI-DADE COUNTY, FLORIDA, that this Board:
Section 1. Urges the Florida Legislature to conduct an interim study on how laws can be strengthened related to false, stolen and counterfeit identity documents in an effort to combat human and sex trafficking.
Section 2. Directs the Clerk of the Board to transmit certified copies of the resolution to the Governor, Attorney General, the Senate President, the House Speaker and the Chair and Members of the Miami-Dade State Legislative Delegation.
Section 3. Directs the Countyís state lobbyists to advocate for the issue identified in Section 1 above, and authorizes and directs the Office of Intergovernmental Affairs to include this item in the 2012 and 2013 state legislative packages.



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