Real Estate Services Frequently Asked Questions
- How can you acquire County real property for public or private use?
- What kind of property is available?
- How is property sold or leased to the general public?
- What is the process to lease or purchase County property?
How can you acquire County real property for public or private use?
Non-County governmental jurisdictions and eligible non-profit organizations may lease or purchase property that the County no longer needs. Such requests should be made in writing to the County Manager. Upon receipt of such a request, the property is identified and screened for need by County agencies, and for the suitability of the proposed use intended by the recipient. If no County need is identified, and the intended use is for public purposes, the parcel may be declared surplus and transferred by lease or deed to the requesting entity by action of the Board of County Commissioners. At the sole discretion of the Board, such transfers to public agencies and institutions may be made at fair market value, or at discounts of up to 100 percent of fair market value, under certain circumstances.
Surplus properties that are not conveyed by lease or sale to state/local governments or other eligible recipients for public purposes are sold to private individuals and companies by competitive bid. State law prohibits the non-competitive sale of publicly owned property to private individuals and companies. The Real Estate staff try to balance benefits to local communities and maximize returns to taxpayers in moving unneeded County property to productive - and often tax-generating - use.
What kind of property is available?
County-owned properties differ widely in type and value. Parcels are typically vacant, although buildings are sold from time to time. Properties are of all types of zoning classifications, including residential, commercial, industrial, agricultural and interim use. Property may be located in unincorporated Miami-Dade County, or in any of the County's municipalities. Title to these properties may have originally come to the County via acquisition, dedication, tax escheatment, condemnation or other court judgment. Parcels may or may not be developable under current zoning regulations, and property is typically sold or leased on an as-is, where-as basis. If sold rather than leased, title is conveyed in all cases in the form of a County Deed, which is similar to a Quit Claim Deed. In some instances, the property is leased or sold with restrictions on the manner in which the property may be used by the lessee or purchaser.
How is property sold or leased to the general public?
Public sales or leases to private individuals or companies may be conducted in the form of a sealed bid, public auction, or request for proposal process. The appraised fair market value is used as a guide to sell or lease County real estate. Public lease/sale processes are advertised extensively through a variety of traditional media, over the Internet, via on-site signage, and with directed mailings to interested parties. Proceeds from property sales are returned to Miami-Dade County (either to the original holding agency or the General Fund) and are available for use in other County government endeavors.
What is the process to lease or purchase County property?
The process to lease, sell or convey right or interest in County-owned property is administered by Internal Services. This procedure explains the steps to follow if any non-County, public or private, individual or corporation requests to lease, purchase or otherwise secure rights or interest in County property, e.g. via deed conveyance, restrictive covenant, easement, or right of entry agreement. This procedure also applies when a department determines that it has excess property to lease or sell, or desires to convey title or grant rights or interest in any property under its jurisdiction. more >Back to Top Page Last Edited: Wed Sep 25, 2013 12:32:02 PM
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