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Glossary

A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  

A

Ad Valorem Taxes - Taxes paid on the fair market value of land, buildings, business inventory, and equipment excluding allowable tax exemptions.  Pursuant to Amendment 10 of the Florida Constitution, annual growth in taxable value for homestead properties is capped at the lower of either three percent or the Consumer Price Index (CPI).  (Also referred to as Property Taxes).

 

Adker Settlement – As a result of the Adker Consent Decree issued by the U.S. District Court Southern District of Florida on June 24, 1998, the County shall allocate 25 percent of its future annual allocable Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) funds for five years, commencing with the FY 2000 CDBG Action Plan for housing and community and economic development programs and infrastructure improvements in neighborhoods within a one mile radius of public housing developments.

Advanced Care (Homeless Housing) - Long-term housing for homeless individuals such as single rooms occupancy residences, or assisted apartment living with supportive services.

 

Advanced Purchasing and Inventory Control System (ADPICS) – An automated central procurement system for monitoring the purchase goods and services which became fully operational in July 1999.  This on-line system, integrated with the County’s Financial Accounting Management Information System (FAMIS), improves controls, allows for more timely order processing, vendor management and support, and reduces paper storage requirements.

 

Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) - A federal act which addresses the problem of discrimination against individuals with disabilities in critical areas such as employment, housing, public accommodations, education, transportation, communication, recreation, institutionalization, health services, voting, and access to public services.

 

Appropriation - Money set aside or allocated by the Board of County Commissioners for a specific purpose.

 

Aquifer Storage Recovery (ASR) - The storage of water in a suitable aquifer through a well during times when water is available and recovery of the water from the same well during times when it is needed.

 

Arterial Roads – The main traffic corridors that are within the county.  They are fed by collector roads which pick up the traffic from local roads that provide a more localized service within specific neighborhoods.

 

Articulated Bus - A 60-foot long bus connected in the middle with a flexible joint.

 

Aviation Development Fund (ADF) – Certain property, buildings, structures, and other facilities at all department airports which were constructed or acquired by tenant financing, government grants, and proceeds from Special Revenue and Aviation Facilities Bonds not issued under by-laws of the Trust Agreement with the County.
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B

Beacon Council– An organization charged with bringing new, job-generating investment to the community, while assisting existing businesses in their efforts to expand.  It markets Miami-Dade County worldwide as a viable, attractive business location and provides a variety of free services to companies interested in relocation.

 

Bond Funds or Proceeds - Money obtained from the sale of bonds that may be used for the construction or renovation of capital facilities and acquisition of related equipment.

 

Book Trust Fund - Funds derived from an extraordinary property tax levy of one-half mill above the County's ten-mill cap approved by the voters in 1988 for two years for the purchase of books for, and enhancements to, the Miami-Dade Public Library System.

 

Budget - A fiscal plan of programs, services, and construction projects expected to be carried out, funded within available revenues and designated within a specific period of time, usually 12 months.  A balanced budget is one in which revenues equal expenditures. 
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C

Capital Budget - A balanced fiscal plan for governmental capital projects for a specific period of time.

 

Capital Fund Program (CFP) - U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development formula grant program for public housing improvements and administrative expenditures; formerly known as the Comprehensive Grant Program (CGP).

 

Capital Outlay Reserve  (COR) - A fund comprised of appropriations provided for same-year selected or emergency construction projects, major equipment purchases and debt service payments for General Fund supported departments.

 

Cash Carryover - Cash at the start of the year, plus revenue received in one fiscal year, which is not spent in that year, and is therefore made available for use in the succeeding year.

 

CDBG - See Community Development Block Grant.

 

CFIF - See Court Facilities Improvement Fund.

 

CFP - See Capital Fund Program.

 

Chief Information Officer – Serves as the executive in charge of the countywide information technology services.  Additionally, he provides vision and direction on technology and its role in the County, including the establishment of technological strategies.

 

CMOS – See Complimentary Metal Oxide Semiconductor.

 

Collector Roads – See Arterial Roads.

 

Communications Tax - This tax also known as the unified or simplified tax will become effective October 1, 2001 and is meant to create a “simplified” tax structure for communications services.  At the local level, it will replace the utility tax on telephone and other telecommunication services, the cable television franchise fee, the telecommunications franchise fee, and communications permit fees.

 

Community Councils – Fifteen community boards created by the Board of County Commissioners in September 1996 to make certain zoning decisions and recommendations to the County Commission on local planning, services, and budgeting relating to their particular geographical areas. Each council has seven members - six elected and one appointed by the County Commission. (Also known as Community Zoning Appeals Boards).

 

Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) - A U.S. Housing and Urban Development funding program established in 1974 to assist local governments in improving the quality of life in focus and low and moderate income areas and other areas of metropolitan significance.

 

Community Partnership for Homeless, Inc. (CPHI) – An organization selected by the Homeless Trust Board to develop and operate Homeless Assistance Centers and raise private donations to help fund the County's community homeless plan.

 

Community Service Centers - Direct Service Centers managed by Community Action Agency and located in various areas throughout Miami-Dade County.  The centers provide services to economically disadvantaged families interested in achieving self-sufficiency through self-help.

 

Community Small Business Enterprise (CSBE) Program - A comprehensive program that affords opportunities to small businesses to participate in the County’s construction of public improvements and fosters growth in the economy of Miami-Dade County, by allowing small businesses a chance to gain the experience, knowledge, and resources necessary to compete and survive, both in government and private construction contracting arenas.  This program was derived as a result of a Federal District Court ruling that eliminated Miami-Dade County’s  Women, Hispanic, and Black business enterprise programs that relate to construction, resulting in the immediate cancellation of the construction component of these programs.  The major components of the program are, Mentor-Protégé Program, Management and Technical Assistance Program, and Bonding and Financial Assistance Program.

 

Community Work Experience Program (CWEP) - A program created to serve WAGES clients with a part-time, non-paid, job training activity and appropriate support services, such as childcare and transportation, to prepare them to transition into permanent, unsubsidized employment.  The County has developed 1,000 work slots in various departments to serve 2,000 WAGES participants.

 

Complimentary Metal Oxide Semiconductor (CMOS) – A form of integrated memory circuit technology.

 

Computer Aided Dispatch (CAD) - The Computer Aided Dispatch (CAD) system is utilized by the Communications Bureaus of the Miami-Dade Police Department (MDPD) and the Miami-Dade Fire/Rescue Department (MDFRD), to process and track 911 calls which are received throughout Miami-Dade County.

 

Computer-Assisted Mass Appraisal (CAMA) System - A system for appraising certain types of real property which  incorporates statistical analyses such as multiple regression analysis and adaptive estimation procedures to assist the appraiser in estimating value.

 

Concurrency - Growth management requirement that public infrastructure improvements needed by public or private development are in place at the same with that development.

 

Constitutional Gas Tax - A tax levy (originating in the Florida Constitution) of two cents on most motor fuel sold in the state which is returned to counties pursuant to a formula for the construction, reconstruction, and maintenance of roadways.  (Also referred to as the Secondary Gas Tax).

 

Convention Development Tax (CDT) - A three percent tax levied on transient lodging accommodations countywide, except in Bal Harbour and Surfside, dedicated to the development and operation of local, major exhibition halls, auditoriums, stadiums, and convention-related facilities.

 

COR – See Capital Outlay Reserve.

 

Court Facilities Improvement Fund (CFIF) - A restricted-use fund administered by the courts and supported by civil court filing fees which provides for enhancements to court operations, including facility renovations, computer hardware, and computer program development.

 

Criminal Justice Facilities Bond Program - A general obligation bond program approved by the electorate in 1982 totaling $200 million for construction and renovation of police, court, and correctional facilities.
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D

Debt Service - Payment of principal and interest on borrowed funds such as bonds.

 

Decade of Progress Bond Program - A general obligation bond program approved by the electorate in 1972 totaling $533.1 million, which leveraged an additional $1.9 billion of capital improvements in the areas of sewers, solid waste, transit, libraries, health care, parks, zoo, and arterial streets.

Digital Orthophotography - The creation and maintenance of a new Geographic Information System (GIS) layer of “computer rectified” aerial photographs for 926 square miles of Miami-Dade County.  This photography is computerized (digitized) and overlaid with over 130 digital maps of County infrastructure such as streets, property lines, transportation routes, and flood zones.

 

Direct Access Storage Devices (DASD) - The medium used to store information for the County’s mainframe computer and is similar to the hard drive space on a personal computer.

 

Drugfire - A computer network that stores images of fired cartridge cases and allows an examiner to compare evidence samples from his laboratory to evidence samples from other jurisdictions.
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E

Efficiency and Competition Commission (ECC) - A commission established by Mayor Alex Penelas in December, 1997; charged with reviewing County operations to improve efficiencies.  The Commission is composed of members of the Board of County Commission, private industry leaders, labor union representatives, and County staff.

 

Electronic Document Management System (EDMS) – A set of computer-based technologies that allow users to electronically capture, process, store, retrieve and use their documents more efficiently than by using paper documents.  EDMS also facilitates the electronic movement of correspondence and staff actions among departments and outside agencies.

 

Electronic Government (e-government) – A government’s use of technology as an enabling strategy to improve services to its citizens and businesses.  Access to government information and services can be provided when and where citizens choose and can include access via the Internet, Voice Response Systems, Interactive Kiosks, and other emerging technologies.

 

Electronic Procurement (e-procurement) – The purchase of goods or services over the Internet or other electronic medium.

 

Emergency Care (Homeless Housing) - Immediate short-term (i.e., less than 30 days) housing with basic support services for homeless individuals (See also Homeless Assistance Center).

 

Empowerment Zone - A federal initiative to create economic opportunity and rebuild poverty-stricken communities in the United States of America.  This federal program is designed to empower people and communities to create jobs and opportunities.  The Empowerment Zone of Miami-Dade County approved January 1999, includes areas of Allapattah/Civic Center, Florida City, Homestead, Liberty City, Little Havana, Melrose, Overtown, Wynwood, Miami International Airport,  areas of the Central Business District, and Seaport.  Sites within the Zone that can be developed include Florida City, Homestead, Opa-locka Airpark, and Northside/Poinciana Industrial Center (79th Street Corridor).

 

Enterprise Systems Connection (ESCON) – Systems used to connect multiple mainframe computers together to increase performance and extend the life of the central processing units.

 

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Superfund - A U.S. Environmental Protection Agency cost sharing program to assist local governments in the clean-up and removal of sources of pollution.

 

Environmentally Endangered Lands (EEL) Trust Fund - Funds derived from an extraordinary property tax levy of three-fourths of one mill above the County's ten-mill cap for two years approved by the voters in 1990 for the purchase and preservation of environmentally sensitive lands.

 

Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) – A federal agency concerned with enforcement and compliance of fair employment practices in the United States.

 

Equipment Loan Program - A method of financing new and replacement equipment acquisition through issuance of short-term debt.

 

ESCON – See Enterprise Systems Connection.
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F

Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) - Federal agency responsible for providing disaster assistance.

 

Federal Empowerment Zone - A geographic area designated by the U.S. Secretary of Housing and Urban Development (Urban Zone) or by the U.S. Secretary of Agriculture (Rural Zone) as meeting criteria for selection and being eligible for tax incentives and credits and for special consideration for programs of federal assistance.

 

Federal Enterprise Community - A U.S. Housing and Urban Development program, authorized by the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993, designed to provide block grants and tax incentives to promote economic development and community empowerment in designated areas characterized by pervasive poverty, unemployment, and general distress.

 

Federal Transit Administration (FTA) – An operating administration under the United States Department of Transportation that assists in developing and improving mass transportation system for cities and communities countywide.

 

Financial Accounting & Management Information System (FAMIS) - The County’s financial accounting general ledger system.

 

Fire Rescue District Special Obligation Bond Program - A bond program approved by the electorate in 1994, totaling $59 million to finance Fire Rescue District-related capital improvement projects.

 

Fiscal Year - Any yearly accounting period, without regard to its relationship to a calendar year.  The fiscal year for Miami-Dade County begins on October 1 and ends on September 30.

 

Florida Ports Trust Fund - Funding from the Florida Department of Transportation for port-related capital improvements; includes a bond program and annual appropriations.

 

Food and Beverage Tax - A one-percent (1%) food & beverage tax at restaurants grossing more than $400,000 a year, and  have a liquor license.

 

Function - A grouping of related capital projects which have common activity.

 

Fund - A group of appropriations treated as an entity to meet legal requirements or Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP).
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G

General Obligation Bond - Voter approved debt pledging the unlimited taxing power of a governmental jurisdiction.

 

Geographic Information System (GIS) – A computerized system capable of assembling, storing, manipulating, analyzing, and displaying geographical referenced information.  GIS allows you to associate information with features on a map to create relationships.

 

GIS - See Geographic Information System.

 

Graphical User Interface (GUI)  - A computer program or environment that displays options on the screen as icons or picture symbols, by which users enter commands

 

Greater Miami Service Corps (GMSC) - A program developed for at-risk youth and unemployed young adults to provide pre-employment training and develop work ethics through meaningful work projects.

 

Growth Management - State requirements related to development and its impact on public infrastructure.
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H

 

HARRTF – See State Hurricane Andrew Recovery and Rebuilding Trust Fund.

 

Head Start – A national program, founded in 1965, which provides comprehensive developmental services to low-income, pre-school children ages three to five.

 

Heart of the City - A celebrity cultural arts series at the Joseph Caleb Auditorium that presents nationally and internationally known performers, to expose the community to the voices and thoughts of outstanding African- Americans from many disciplines.

 

Home Investment Partnership Program (HOME) - A U.S. Housing and Urban Development formula grant program, established in 1990, for state and local governments to provide affordable housing through acquisition, rehabilitation, and new construction.

 

Home Ownership for People Everywhere - A. U.S. Housing and Urban Development competition grant program to establish homeownership of single-family properties through public/private/nonprofit partnerships.

 

Homeless Assistance Center (HAC) - A 350 to 500-bed facility providing immediate short term housing and basic support services to prepare homeless persons residing in public spaces for transitional housing.

 

Homeownership Assistance Program – A housing assistance program created and administered by the Metro-Miami Action Plan Trust since 1994 whereby qualified applicants receive up to a $4,000 conditional forgivable loan to assist with down payment and closing costs at the time of home purchase.
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I

Impact Fee - A fee charged on new development to finance required infrastructure such as roads, parks, schools, fire and police facilities, or capital purchases.

 

Infrastructure - Public support facilities such as roads, buildings, and water and sewer lines.

 

Interactive Voice Response System (IVR) – A telephone system which allows job applicants to access information on current job openings and apply for those jobs if their resume is on file (see Resumix).
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L

Law Enforcement Block Grant - A U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Assistance, local law enforcement program which makes formula allocations for the purpose of reducing crime and improving public safety.

 

Law Enforcement Trust Fund (LETF) - Funds derived from law enforcement-related seizures of money and property with allowable uses determined by state and federal laws and regulations.

 

Leachate - Stormwater which has percolated through solid waste.

 

Level-of-Service (LOS) - Growth management standard for public services that is used to measure the impact of proposed development on public infrastructure (See also Growth Management).

 

Leveraged Lease - A financial transaction whereby one party, while retaining title to an asset, transfers through a lease certain tax benefits of the asset to another party.

 

Local Option Gas Tax (Capital Improvement) - A tax levy of up to five cents on each gallon of motor fuel sold, which may be imposed by counties in accordance with state law, in one cent increments up to five cents and which is shared with eligible cities in the county.  This tax may be used only for transportation expenditures needed to meet the requirements of the capital improvements element of an adopted comprehensive plan.  In Miami-Dade County this tax is three cents per gallon.

 

Local Option Gas Tax (Operating) - A tax levy of up to six cents on each gallon of motor and special fuels sold, which has been imposed by Miami-Dade in accordance with state law, and which is shared with the cities in the county.  This tax may be utilized only for transportation expenditures including public transportation, roadway and traffic operations and maintenance.  In Miami-Dade this tax is six cents per gallon.

 

LOS - See Level of Service.
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M

Magic City Mondays – A daytime performing arts series presented on selected Mondays at the Joseph Caleb Auditorium to an audience mainly composed of children, featuring storytelling, puppets, and magicians.

 

Metro-Miami Action Plan (MMAP) Trust - A board established to address the health, economic, and social needs primarily for the African-American Community.

 

Metro-Net - Term used for the countywide area computer network that includes E-mail, access to the County’s website and other online data systems.

 

Miami Circle - An archeological site created approximately 2,000 years ago by a native American tribe known as the Tequesta Indians and discovered in 1998 along the banks of the Miami River.

 

Miami-Dade County Community Homeless Plan - A strategic plan of the Miami-Dade Homeless Trust for housing the homeless with funds dedicated and available for this purpose.

 

Miami-Dade County Homeless Trust - An appointed board that advises the Board of County Commissioners on issues relating to homelessness and administers the proceeds that are allocated from the one percent food and beverage tax dedicated to homeless activities.

 

Miami-Dade Empowerment Trust, Incorporation  – A 19-member governing board which entered into a Memorandum of Understanding with Miami-Dade County on April 13, 1999, to address, on behalf of the County, economic development and revitalization needs in the 1999 federally-designated Miami-Dade County Empowerment Zone.  The federal Empowerment Zone is designated as such for the period January 1, 1999 through December 31, 2009.

 

Miami-Dade Expressway Authority - A state agency, formed January 20, 1995, consisting of 13 members appointed by the Board of County Commissioners and the Governor with defined powers including the right to acquire, construct, maintain, operate, own, and lease an expressway system including transportation facilities.  The agency has the power to establish, change, and collect tolls, rates, fees, and other charges as well as to finance or refinance acquisitions or construction from surplus revenues as detailed in Chapter 348 of the Florida Statutes.

 

Miami-Dade Homeless Trust - An appointed board that advises the Board of County Commissioners on issues relating to homelessness and administers the proceeds that are allocated from the one percent Food and Beverage Tax dedicated to homeless activities.

 

Millage Rate - One mill equals $1.00 of tax for each $1,000 of property value.  The millage rate is the total number of mills of tax assessed.

 

Mobile Computing Unit (MCU) - Laptop computer that will be utilized in marked police vehicles by the Miami-Dade Police Department (MDPD) to assist uniform police officers in the performance of their duty.

 

Multi-Year Capital Plan - A balanced fiscal plan for governmental capital projects which spans six fiscal years.
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N

Neighborhood Service Centers - Eleven multi-purpose service centers managed by the Department of Human Services from Florida City to the Broward County line.  Service includes short-term emergency financial assistance, emergency housing, boarding homes placement, and employment-related services for WAGES.

 

Ninth-Cent Gas Tax – A locally imposed gas tax that is only used by the county, consisting of a one cent per gallon tax on motor and special fuel for expenses related to establishing, operating, and maintaining a transportation system.

 

Non-Port Authority Properties (NPAP) – See Aviation Development Fund.
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O

OC-3 - Optical Carrier dataline capable of carrying 155.52 megabits per second.

 

One Percent Food and Beverage Tax for Homeless and Domestic Violence - A one percent tax levied countywide on food and beverages sold by establishments with gross annual revenues exceeding $400,000 except in Miami Beach, Bal Harbour, and Surfside, excluding those in hotels and motels.  Eighty-five percent of the tax proceeds is dedicated for homeless programs and facility construction and fifteen percent is for domestic violence programs and facility construction.

Operating Budget - A balanced fiscal plan for providing governmental programs and services for a single year.
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P

Partnership Optimizing WASD Efficiency and Reengineering (POWER) – Efficiency program initiated in the Miami- Dade Water and Sewer Department (WASD) in partnership with American Federation of State, County, and Municipal Employees (AFSCME) Local 121 and the Government Supervisors Association of Florida in May 1998.

Passenger Facility Charges (PFC) - A charge of up to $3 per enplaned passenger charged locally with Federal Aviation Administration authorization for aviation-related capital improvement projects.

 

Performance Commission – An advisory board providing assistance, including advice, information, and recommendations relating to the improvement of performance and quality of services provided by the County. 

 

Performing Arts Center Trust (PACT) - A board entrusted with oversight of the development and operation of the Performing Arts Center planned for the Omni area.

 

Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Action of 1996 - Federal law signed on August 22, 1996 which ends entitlement under the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) Program. Creates a block grant for states to provide Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), tightens requirements in Supplementary Security Income (SSI) for disabled children, changes food stamps eligibility requirements, and restricts eligibility for non-citizens in the Food Stamp and SSI programs. (See WAGES).

 

Port Authority Properties (PAP) – Consist of all land and the facilities at the airports which were acquired or constructed with proceeds from Revenue Bonds issued by the County under the terms of the Trust Agreement.

 

Professional Sports Franchise Facilities Tax - A one percent tax on transient lodging accommodations levied countywide, except in Miami Beach, Surfside, and Bal Harbour, dedicated to the development of sports facilities utilized by professional sports franchises.

Program Area - A broad function or area of responsibility of government relating to basic community needs.  Program areas usually entail a number of organized sets of activities directed towards a general common purpose and may encompass the activities of a number of departments.

Projections - Estimates of anticipated revenues, expenditures, or other quantitative data for specific time periods, usually fiscal years.

 

Property Taxes - See Ad Valorem Taxes.

 

Proprietary Agency - Commonly called "self-supporting" or "enterprise," these agencies pay for all or most of their cost of operations from user fees and generally receive little or no property tax support.

 

Public Hospital Sales Surtax - A one-half percent surtax on countywide sales, use, rentals, admissions and other transactions (up to $5,000 on sales of tangible personal property) for the operation, maintenance and administration of Jackson Memorial Hospital (JMH).  The surtax was approved by a special election held on September 3, 1991 and imposed by Ordinance 91-64 effective January 1, 1992.  Chapter 212.055 Florida Statutes, which authorizes the surtax requires a maintenance of effort contribution representing a fixed percentage (11.873 percent) of countywide general fund revenue.  (Also referred to as the JMH surtax or the health care sales surtax).
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Q

QNIP – See Quality Neighborhoods Improvement Program.

 

Qualified Target Industry (QTI) Program - A State-created program that encourages additional high value jobs through tax refunds.  Businesses which expand existing operations or relocate to the State are entitled to a tax refund of up to $5,000 per job or $7,500 per job if the business is located in an enterprise zone.  The County's contribution is 20 percent of the refund or up to $1,500 per job.

 

Quality Neighborhoods Improvement  Program (QNIP) - A program called for in the Mayor’s 1998 Budget Message and approved by the Board.  It addresses infrastructure needs in older, urban neighborhoods and high growth areas. This is a $143 million capital program which primarily includes the construction of new sidewalks and repairs to existing sidewalks, including safe route to schools, local and major drainage improvements, road resurfacing, and park facility improvements.
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R

Resumix - An applicant tracking system that integrates artificial intelligence, optical scanning, character recognition, graphical user interface and distributed work-group computing. Through these technologies, the system automates resume processing, extracts relevant information about a candidate, and stores it in an applicant summary to be used later for recruiting purposes.

 

Revenue - Income a department earns from fees customarily charged users in the normal course of business.  In the broader sense, "revenue" refers to all government income, regardless of source, used to fund services.
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S

Safe Neighborhood Parks Bond Program - A general obligation bond program approved by the electorate on November 5, 1996 totaling $200 million to finance capital improvements to, and the acquisition of, neighborhood and regional parks, beaches, natural areas, and recreational heritage facilities.

 

Secondary Gas Tax - See Constitutional Gas Tax.

 

Special Assessment Bonds - Revenue bonds issued to finance improvements in special taxing districts with debt service paid by assessments to district residents.

 

Special Revenue Bonds - Bonds issued to finance improvements with debt service paid by designated revenues; the full faith and credit of a governmental jurisdiction are not pledged to repay the debt.

 

Special Taxing District - A geographic area, designated by petition or vote of the residents of that area, in which a particular service is provided exclusively to residents of the area.  A special property tax or a special assessment fee pays for these services.

 

State Housing Initiatives Partnership Program (SHIP) – A State of Florida housing incentive program providing local funding to implement and/or supplement the following programs: housing development, down payment assistance, housing acquisition and rehabilitation, homeownership assistance, and homebuyers counseling and technical assistance.

 

State Hurricane Andrew Recovery and Rebuilding Trust Fund (HARRTF) - A state trust fund created in a special 1992 legislative session to receive extraordinary state sales tax revenues occurring as a result of Hurricane Andrew rebuilding activity and from which assistance is granted to entities for hurricane recovery activity.

 

State Revolving Loan Program - A low interest loan program administered by the State to fund wastewater system improvement projects.

 

Stolen Automobile Recovery System (STAR) – A computer controlled imaging system that uses gamma rays to inspect containers non-intrusively at the Dante B. Fascell Port of Miami-Dade

 

Stormwater – Surface water generated by a storm.

 

Stormwater Utility Fee - A fee assessed on real property established and imposed to finance design, installation, and maintenance of stormwater management systems.

 

Supportive Housing Program – A program which provides services and housing to the homeless.  It is provided for in the state McKinney-Vento Act, formerly the Steward B. McKinney Grant Act, which provides numerous services to homeless individuals.
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T

Targeted Urban Areas (TUA) – The most traditionally under-served and underdeveloped neighborhoods in Miami-Dade County.  These areas have been historically populated by Blacks and represent portions of Opa–locka, Florida City, Homestead, Coconut Grove, South Miami, Richmond Heights, Perrine, Princeton, Goulds, Leisure City, Naranja, Little Haiti, Overtown, Model Cities, Brownsville, Liberty City, Carol City, West Little River, 27th Avenue Corridor, and 183rd Street Corridor.

 

Tax Increment Financing (TIF) - A financing mechanism whereby incremental property tax revenue growth within a  certain geographic area beyond a specified base year is earmarked and dedicated to fund redevelopment activity in that specific area.

 

Teen Court Program – A State of Florida Department of Juvenile Justice program created in 1996 and administered locally since 1999 by the Metro-Miami Action Plan Trust.  The Program provides for teenage student volunteers to decide sentences of juveniles who have admitted breaking the law and offers an opportunity for the juvenile offender to avoid having a delinquency record if all sanctions are honored.

 

Tipping Fee - A fee charged to customers by the operators of waste management facilities for the right of disposing waste at their sites

 

Toll Revenue Credits - Florida Department of Transportation revenues, primarily used for operation and maintenance of state highways which effective FY 1995-96, may be used as an in-kind local match for federal grant dollars.  These credits, while able to leverage federal funds, have no real purchasing power.

 

Transit Corridor - A broad geographic band that follows a general directional flow of travel connecting major origins and destinations of trips and which may contain a number of streets, highways and transit routes.

 

Transitional Care (Homeless Housing) - Treatment and rehabilitation of homeless persons at a transitional care facility to prepare them for individual living.
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U

U.S. HUD Section 108 Loan Guarantee Program– A federal U.S. Housing and Urban Development (U.S. HUD) program that enables states and local governments participating in its Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) program to obtain federally guaranteed loans to fuel large economic development projects and other revitalization activities.  All Section 108 funds lent by US HUD to the County are guaranteed by the County’s future CDBG annual entitlement allocation.

 

UMSA - See Unincorporated Municipal Service Area.

 

Unincorporated Municipal Service Area (UMSA) - The Florida Constitution and the Miami-Dade Home Rule Charter provide Miami-Dade with the full range of municipal powers and responsibilities with respect to the unincorporated area of the county; including the power to tax for such traditional municipal services as local police patrol and neighborhood parks.  Such services are provided and taxes are applied exclusively in the unincorporated area of the county.

 

Urban Economic Revitalization Task Force - A revocable trust of Miami-Dade County responsible for promoting the rehabilitation and redevelopment of areas of Miami-Dade County that is blighted or have the potential to become blighted.

Utility Service Fee - A service fee imposed on water and sewer customers, pursuant to the Code of Miami-Dade County, to cover the cost of environmental services and regulations related to water and sewer services and groundwater quality.
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V

Value Engineering – An independent engineering review (design and construction) of construction projects in an effort to reduce overall project costs.  The review normally examines alternative designs, materials and construction process without sacrificing design intent, quality, public safety, and regulations.
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W

WAGES - See Work and Gain Economic Self-Sufficiency.

 

Wainscotting – The lower part of an interior wall when finished with a different material, usually wooden paneling.

 

Welfare Reform - See Work and Gain Economic Self-Sufficiency (WAGES) and Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Action of 1996.

 

Work and Gain Economic Self-Sufficiency (WAGES) - Law passed by the State of Florida in response to federal welfare reform and signed into law on May 1996 which eliminates entitlement to public assistance, establishes work requirements, sets time limits, supports child care, strengthens teen pregnancy prevention and teen parent requirements, and toughens fraud prevention. (See also Personal and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Action of 1996).

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