Wetlands contribute to water quality by removing excess nutrients and pollutants that originated in the uplands before they reach the estuary. Wetlands also offer important habitat for a wide variety of organisms that rely on the area as a nursery ground, and provide protection against coastal erosion.
Freshwater wetlands occur throughout Miami-Dade, particularly in western and southern parts of the county.
Wetlands provide areas for aquifer recharge, retention of flood waters and fish and wildlife habitat. They also naturally protect water quality. Therefore, permits are required for work in wetlands.
Coastal, or saltwater, wetlands consist of salt marshes and mangrove swamps.
Mangroves prevent shoreline erosion and provide habitat for fish and wildlife. They are protected throughout Florida. Permits are required for trimming and alteration of mangroves and for any other work in saltwater wetlands.
Salt marshes consist mostly of grasses and herbaceous plants, which provide the coastline with protection from direct wave action.Back to Top Page Last Edited: Mon Nov 4, 2013 3:44:51 PM
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