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Hurricane Irma

As we continue our recovery and cleanup efforts, please visit the Emergency website for the latest information on openings and closings in Miami-Dade County.

Artificial Reef Program

The Miami-Dade County Artificial Reef Program was established in 1981. Documented artificial reed construction in Miami's coastal waters, however, predates the program by more than five decades.

Over this time the County has supervised the deployment of an extensive amount of material among 11 inshore and 17 offshore artificial reef sites including almost 50 large vessels, two retired oil production platforms, thousands of tons of cast concrete materials and natural limestone, and U.S. Army surplus military tanks.

Miami-Dade has also become known as a premier wreck-diving destination. As a result of these combined efforts, the Miami-Dade County program is regarded as the largest (in terms of materials deployed) program of its kind in Florida, which leads the nation in number of established artificial reef sites.

Presently the program seeks to provide enhancement in three areas:

  • Habitat restoration and enhancement
  • Fisheries management
  • Increase recreational diving opportunities

Artificial Reef Locations

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Key Biscayne Special Management Zone

The intent of the Key Biscayne Special Management Zone — established in 1990 — is to restrict the use of highly efficient or selective fishing gear, thereby limiting the potential impacts of unrestrained fishing pressure, while maintaining most recreational uses of the site.

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How Artificial Reefs Are Built

Artificial Reefs are essentially made of durable, stable and environmentally safe materials (usually steel or concrete) placed on an area of ocean bottom conducive to reef building plants and animals.

Once the material is in place, it acts in the same way that naturally occurring rock outcroppings do by providing the hard surface needed for reef-building organisms like barnacles, corals, sponges and clams to begin their creation.

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Program History

Learn the history of artificial reefs in Miami-Dade County going back to 1920, including the establishment of the County program in 1981.

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Program Donations

Miami-Dade County's Artificial Reef Program is funded with the help of:

  • State and federal grants
  • Permit or mitigation obligations
  • Private or corporate donations

The most important contributions to the Artificial Reef Program are those from individuals, corporations, agencies and foundations that value the protection and enhancement of South Florida marine and estuarine habitats. All contributions are tax deductible.

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Page Last Edited: Wed Apr 26, 2023 4:03:02 PM

Reef and Mooring Buoy Finder

Reef and Mooring Buoy GIS

The Reef and Buoy Finder GIS page includes information on artificial reefs and offshore mooring buoys managed by Miami-Dade County, including their coordinates and much more.


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