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Constitutional Offices

On November 6, 2018, voters in the State of Florida adopted Amendment 10 to the State Constitution. As a result of Amendment 10, effective January 7, 2025, there will be a total of five constitutional offices operating in our County, all of which will be run independently from Miami-Dade County government: the Sheriff, the Supervisor of Elections, the Property Appraiser, the Tax Collector, and the Clerk of Courts. In November 2024, voters in Miami-Dade will have the opportunity to elect the five officials who will lead these constitutional offices.
Police motorcade.
Sheriff's Office

An independent elected sheriff will assume responsibility for most of the Miami-Dade Police Department.

American flag
Supervisor of Elections

An independent elected Supervisor of Elections will assume responsibility for the County’s Elections Department.

Florida license plate tag
Office of the Tax Collector

An independent elected Tax Collector will assume responsibility for the Tax Collector Department.

Property appraiser application
Property Appraiser

The elected Property Appraiser will become fully independent.

Court house
Clerk of Courts

Responsibilities of the Clerk of Courts will be expanded to encompass all statutory duties of the office as defined in state law, including the role of custodian of County funds.

Employee Information

How will these changes impact our employees?

Miami-Dade County employees are at the core of the County's work providing excellent services every day to our millions of residents and visitors. We are committed to minimizing the impact of these changes to you and our residents, and we will do our best to communicate clearly, often, and thoughtfully with our workforce.

On January 7th, 2025, most employees in the Police, Elections, Tax Collector, Property Appraiser and Finance departments will become employees of the constitutional offices. If you are an employee in one of these departments or offices, you may have questions about how this change will affect you.

During the second half of 2023 and throughout 2024, we will be meeting with employees to listen, answer questions, and communicate the actions being taken by the County to make this transition as seamless as possible.
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Resident Information

How will these changes impact our residents?

Once these constitutional offices come online in January 2025, the structure of our County government will change, as these five independent offices will operate separately from Miami-Dade County.

Miami-Dade County is working hard to prepare for this transition and will assist the new constitutional officers so that they are ready to serve the community with minimal disruptions to services on Day One.

For residents, we expect that most services such as policing, tax collection, elections, property appraisals, and financial services will remain the same on January 7th, 2025, although they may look different under new leadership.

Other services are anticipated to have a significant fiscal impact on our taxpayers, such as the newly elected Tax Collector assuming the responsibilities of the state’s driver license services currently provided by the Florida Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles. This transition will be phased in over time beginning in 2025.

Learn about Amendment 10

What changes were triggered by Amendment 10?

On November 6, 2018, voters in the State of Florida adopted Amendment 10 to the State Constitution. This action by the State’s voters prohibits counties like ours from performing some of the duties of Florida constitutional offices of the Sheriff, Tax Collector, Supervisor of Elections, Property Appraiser, or the Clerk of Courts.

Under Amendment 10, several counties with home rule charters, such as Miami-Dade County, must create new or reestablish previously abolished constitutional offices. Most counties in the State have already complied with Amendment 10. Still, Miami-Dade County must complete the transition by January 7, 2025, with elections for the new constitutional officers in November 2024.

Only the Clerk of Courts can be considered a constitutional office in Miami-Dade. But, under the Miami-Dade County Charter, the Finance Department is headed by a finance director co-appointed by the Mayor and the Clerk of Courts. Currently, the responsibility to serve as the custodian of County funds is currently performed by the County’s Finance Department. Because of Amendment 10 and new State legislation, this will no longer be permissible. Consequently, most of the Finance Department will be transferred to the Clerk of Courts.

Miami-Dade County currently has an elected property appraiser, but this office is not entirely independent of the County. The other three offices, Miami-Dade Police, Elections, and Tax Collector, are currently departments of the County. The bottom line is that the structure of County government is changing with the five new entities.

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